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ASIAN AMERICAN CAREGIVERS: A PROFILE
profile of Asian-American caregivers varies from the national caregiver
profile in areas of average age, share of caring, education, household
income, family profile and the care recipients. The distinctions
made below are based on the data from the National Alliance for
Caregiving's "Family Caregiving in the US" national survey
published in 1997.
caregivers are both men (48%) and women (52%). This is a significant
difference from the national average where 72.5% of informal caregivers
are women. The national average age of caregivers is 46, however,
Asian-American caregivers tend to be younger (mean age of 39.1 years).
Sixty-two percent of the Asian caregivers interviewed had post secondary
school education; are employed full or part time, (77% vs 65% for
other groups); and 61% have a household income of more than $30,000
(median household income $45K vs $35K).
caregivers tend to live in the same home with the care recipients
(35% vs 19% of white caregivers), and 51.1% have one or more children
under age 18 living in the household. This may explain why 61% of
caregivers feel that other family members, especially daughters-in-law
(11%), are sharing in the caring process and why they feel caregiving
does not compromise their family relationships.
caregivers tend to receive less instruction on how to perform caregiving
tasks and spend an average of 15.1 hours per week providing care
compared to other groups who spend over 18 hours. However, it could
be argued that other family member's contributions to care may not
have been measured and reflected in the weekly statistics nor their
financial ability to purchase formal services. Asians report spending
an average of 13% of their income as out-of-pocket caregiving expenses.
Nationally, 61% of caregivers with household incomes over $50,000
arrange, purchase and supervise some professional services.
One source that
these caregivers look to for finding professional services is "
The Caregiver Sourcebook". It provides them with answers on
how to manage the responsibilities of providing care and a resource
directory of programs, services and products to help busy caregivers
connect with professional caregivers in their community.